1. Fishing heavy foundation (Bottom Fishing).
Why is it called "Fishing heavy foundation"?. Because what is done is to put the hook that contains the bait on the seabed (or slightly above it so as not to get caught corals) in the hope that the fish are fish that eat the bait the seabed. This is the most common fishing techniques and the most popular among anglers. Fish that normally target is the Red Snapper, Jenaha, Kurisi, Kuwe, Krapu, Salem and several other basic fish. Sometimes Tenggiri and Barracuda can also be provoked in this way. Basic fishing rod and can use a standard spinning reel or open (overhead) reel) or even use the hand only (hand line) is the traditional way. The size of fishing line that is used ranges from number 3 / 0 to 1 / 0.
Fishing basis must use ballast (lead or iron) weighing depends on the fast flow of the waters. Seribu Islands waters may simply use a maximum of 210 gram tin (no.7J) but weighs in around Merak, Anyer and Muara Binuangeun may need up to 420 grams of weight (No.14J). Decoys are popularly used in the waters P. A thousand is a shrimp living normally purchased from chart chart in the morning or using squid scoop (already dead). In the area of the Sunda Strait and the estuary Binuangeun anglers usually use sliced squid sliced or intact (small squid) and / or sliced tuna or other fish meat is tough! When anglers cast a weighted hook tin into the water, whether from boat or from the dock usually elicits a "jebluk" so that this way of fishing as well as a popular fishing technique called "jeblukan"
Ngoncer is fishing with live fish (Live Bait) as bait. This technique is a little unique and without the use of tin / ballast. The main Kenur mounted swivel pin (wivel snaps), then connected with barb wire along 10.cm. nikelin Decoys are used absolutely live bait such as: small opening song, kite, como, bloating, Sangir, even baby barracuda (alu-alu). Live bait allowed to swim away from the ship, heading for the most accurate location (superficial), while waiting for fish pamangsa, such as Barracuda Tenggiri and live bait earlier. Sometimes also used the balloon, which allows the fish do not swim down, so the fish is always on the surface (1-2m from the surface). This technique is very efficient and effective way to mackerel fishing in Kep. Thousand and surface fish fishing in the waters around Muara Binuangeun. Many anglers are very like.
3. Trolling (Tonda).
Fishing technique called "trolling" it must use a special reel (Open Reel) are quite strong and special fishing rod that is generally only consists of a shaft and should be withdrawn 5-7 knots boat speed. Trolling usually use artificial bait made of fiber glass, wood or plastic. The most popular fake bait is called Rapala fishing for fish such as Tenggiri and Wahoo. There are other types of fake bait called Konahead shaped like a large squid with hair color burst but flashy for a type of fish fish fishing Marlin, Layaran and Lemadang.
Distance bait from the boat about 20-100m depending on the size of the bait. This method is very popular in the waters around Binuangeun and Ujungkulon and sometimes also used in Kep. A thousand or in the Sunda Strait north although rarely succeeded because it was not a lot of pelagic fish over 10 kg.
If we use the bait Rapala trolling boat usually drove at speeds up to 8 knots still can. If fish Wahoo who were the target so dg troll Rapala usually at maximum speed. If other types of fish around the 4-6knot. If you make use of "Kona head", perfect for the effect of "smoke trail" it is usually drawn dg speed around 11 knots and above. So generally use does not coincide with konahead Rapala.
Generally if you use like minnow diving. Rapala, his speed is not more than 6 knots, but if we are using konahead or similar, velocity ranging from 8 ~ 12 knots. If you use bait trolling sewing speed I usually use about 5-8 knots.
Units of "knots" is "nautical miles per hr", if conversinya to the mile which is generally used on land, 1 nautical miles = 1.15 miles (approx.). Nautical mile / hour = 1.8km/jam. So if his ship speed 20 knots = 23 mph.
To target pelagic fish trolling with medium to small size such as in lakes, estuaries or mangrove swamps (mangrove) in fact we do not need to use special trolling rod and reel. Simply use the fishing rod and reel used for jigging because it is usually stronger than rod and reel used for fishing heavy foundation.
Usually done from the edge of the sea, such as docks, rocks, beaches, even on ships that were stopped / road slowly. Fishing gear used is a special fishing rod that is flexible (not rigid) and a length of between 150 to 172 cm cm because unlike Popping (see technique bait throw numbers usually do not need too much (between 20 to 30 m). Spinning reels that are used can be also a special reel (baitcasting). The feed is usually artificial bait (lure) that shaped ikanan fish, insects or other marine animals weighing about 7 to 20 grams. The trick is to bait thrown as far as possible, then reel rolled quickly. This should performed continuously until the fish grabbed or until the angler to feel tired and give up. Therefore this way of fishing as including Popping and Jigging (see numbers 7 and 8) are categorized as fishing Sportfishing namely, turning the sports!
5. SURF CASTING.
Fishing technique is done from the shore with a rod of approximately 4m in length and usually consist of 3 pieces (cut) to be spliced together. Jorannya almost like a spinning rod or just plain popping much longer. Anglers also must use a reel that is large enough (usually a spinning class model 4000 and above). Although the basic technique is similar to bait casting that is cast so far away but in the Surf Casting, which bait catapult actually allowed to land and live where he fell. Therefore, this fishing technique had to use lead ballast to hold to the bait does not move to and fro brought waves. The feed is also not a fake bait (artificial) but usually sliced fish, sea worms or clam-shells found in coastal area. Hurling bait is not done arbitrarily but must be addressed to notch notch / Celuk who estimated there are fish. Other than that surf casting is usually done at high tide because that's when the fish fish near the coast to find food. Besides the beach, surf casting techniques can also be done at the mouth of the river, also during high tides!
6. ROCK CASTING.
This fishing technique is similar to Surf Casting techniques and using equipment that is almost the same but made from the rock (rock) or a steep seafront. Also essentially the same technique that is cast bait and bait so far away that landed in the catapult left and stay in a place he fell. Therefore, this fishing technique had to use lead ballast to hold to the bait does not move to and fro brought waves. The feed is also not a fake bait (artificial) but usually sliced fish, sea worms or clam-shells found in coastal area. As in the Surf Casting, anglers usually do not hold jorannya continuously but put in one place or on a sturdy stand and observe from a distance until the fish struck the bait. Casting Rock Fishing technique is actually very dangerous because the angler has to climb the cliff and look for spots on the surface of rocks from the sea surface height between 2 m to 20 m. Which is only 4 m from sea level to sea water suddenly surrounded and separated from the mainland at high tide. Location was very high also very dangerous because there is danger of falling into the sea. Therefore, this technique is biased only by anglers who love to seek adventure. The experts advise for those who like to "Rock Casting" always do it with friends to be able to help each other.
According to experts, Jigging as a technique of fishing is not something new techniques emerge. Fishermen from several countries since thousands of years ago has been trying to "deceive" the fish by using fake bait made of tin or other metals in the form of small fish that dicemplungkan to the seabed and then quickly pulled upwards. At present, the most popular spot for anglers technique Jigging for Greater Jakarta, West Java and Banten is in the waters around Pulau Muara Binuangeun Deli and the Sea Mount Reef is located between West Lampung with Ujung Kulon. Jigging bias carried out on the spot which consists of coral reefs or tubiran with a depth of between 50 to 100 m. Jig used usually are who weighs at least 100 grams for plunging rapidly toward the seafloor. Some anglers use jigs weighing up to 250 or 400 grams depending on the type of fish that were targeted. Fishing with the Jigging techniques require different equipment than Popping or casting techniques. Rods that are used tend to be more rigid and short (between 150 to 170 cm), somewhat more rigid than the rod for fishing heavy foundation. Rod for jigging rod Trolling is almost similar to but smaller in size and consists of two connections that the connections are at the threshold of the base rod (butt). Reelnya also be more robust than the reel for popping although basically can be exchanged repeatedly. As mentioned at the beginning when Jigging, jigs do not swing into the spot that is being targeted but dicemplungkan and allowed to slide into the sea floor as quickly as possible and then immediately roll up reel quickly while occasionally disentak snapped. The way was made for artificial bait is moving like a natural bait fish but the fish swam upwards so that the target would grab. Jigging is usually done from the ship / boat anchored and dwelt there. In the event of strike, jigs usually suddenly felt heavy and there are interesting and should be done "fight" so the fish can not dive and hide in the reef. As also in Popping, the main challenge is to precisely maintain the jigging for fish grabbed the jig which can not run and hide behind the rock. If this happens then that usually happens is forced to decide jig / sacrificed. The term of the angler Indonesia is to become offerings for the southern ocean (if it happened at Binuangeun).
Popping Technique basically included in the group Casting. But the technique Popping rod (rod) is quite long, between 180 to 210 cm and consists of 2 pieces joined by rings (guides) the large size cpat kenur can glide back and rolled smoothly. Longer rods will result in further bringing-up bait. Reel used is usually up and kenurnya 6000 class is PE thread (braided) class 5 (50 lbs) to 8 (80 lbs). In accordance with the name, special popping technique using the "lure" (artificial bait) called Popper are usually large with a weight between 80 to 100 grams. Artificial bait used consisted of 2 types. The first is called "Chugger" whose head is flat and has a notch like a bowl. Chugger is when disentak when floating will cause a "pop, pop, pop" because his head hit the water. That is why he is called "poppers". The other type is called "Pencil" because of his head "sharp" and the pencil is not disentak snapped but only pulled on. Popping technique similar to casting artificial bait that is swinging to the target spot and then roll up reel quickly. Every after several rounds poppers disentak (when bait Chugger) then roll it again. The way was made for artificial bait is moving like a natural bait fish, so fish will grab the target. The main difference between Popping to casting is that the Popping is usually done from the ship / boat that "stand bye. This means that the engines were still alive and diturnkan anchor for the ship could not immediately resign if it is too close to the reef or fish if the bait is struck targets for these fish can not dive and hide in the reef. Technique of "popping" is very popular in the waters of Bali, West and East Nusa Tenggara (around Komodo Island) and is mostly done by foreigners, such as Japan, Korea and Indonesia. Popping is now very popular among anglers hobbyist Indonesia especially for tuna fishing at the time of season and GT (Grand Trevally / Kuwe Gerong) that can be done anytime of origin in the right spot. The most popular spot for anglers Greater Jakarta and Banten is currently around Coral Three Furnaces and around Pulau Batu Mandi Sanghyang, Tanjung Karang Krekah Old and near Bakauhuni, in Coral Jajar and around the island of Panaitan, Ujungkulon. All these spots are in the territorial waters of the Sunda Strait. Hordes of yellow fin tuna fish usually appear around March-April in the waters of Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi.
9. Fishing Allen.
The way it is popularly spoofed mincing as "ngegarong" because it uses a similar hook-edged 6 (six) shaped like the sun, called fishing "Allen". Interestingly, often (or more often) the fish was caught not because fishing digarong stuck in his mouth but stuck in the gills, on the cheeks, shoulders, abdomen, tail, etc.. Fishing robbers usually use a fishing rod fishing rod TEGEK ie without under-under (ring / guide) whose length is between 4 m to 6 m and "telescopic" (rod antenna). Fishing means "robber" is to use small floats made of light wood and is usually shaped like a "flying saucer". The distance between the buoy with rod garongnya range only about 50 cm to 100 cm while the entire length of the rod tip kenur until the hook is only 2 to 3 m. Fishing bait is commonly used seaweed is widely available in the rocks on the beach. Sometimes people use rice or cake. Bait is not affixed to the fishing line but clamped by kenur about about 1-2 cm above the rod. The main target is Rabbitfishes, Surgeonfishes, and sometimes also fish old brother. The technique is inexpensive but very unique, eccentric and actually very difficult. Fishing "robbers" do not need a boat or ship because it is done from the outskirts such as docks, rock rock (concrete) breakwater, or bridge in the vicinity of the beach. Accordingly, fishing technique that is considered one of the most inexpensive cost and a lot of people really enjoy it and really addictive!